St. Croix History and Location

The Multicultural History of St. Croix

St. Croix boasts an incredibly rich history that includes artifacts from the Netherlands, Spain, Malta, Great Britain, France, Denmark and the United States. Each of these conquering cultures left behind ruminants that can still be seen, felt and tasted across the island. They also influenced the beliefs, activities and festivals of the native Arawak and Carib peoples.

Discovery and Early History

In 1493, Christopher Columbus visited what is now St. Croix during his second voyage. Columbus named the island Santa Cruz (Holy Cross) and is the only confirmed documented site of the explorer’s discovery of the “new world.” While initially discovered by Columbus in the name of Spain, the first permanent European settlers were from the Netherlands, Great Britain and France in 1625. These settlers co-existed on the island peacefully for some time, until the English governor was killed by his Dutch counterpart. This led to an immediate retaliation by the English and years of conflict.


The English ultimately prevailed and ruled the then British colony for about 25 years. Concerned that it was becoming a threat, the Spanish invaded St. Croix and overthrew the English. However, hearing of the Spanish overthrow, in 1650, the French made a move to take over the island and, using 160 Maltese Knights, secured the island for the French crown. This was followed by a quick resettlement of farmers from St. Kitts to establish colonies across the island.

French West Indies Company

Recognizing opportunity, the French crown instituted and instructed the French West Indies Company, under crown rule, to take over administration of the island. By all accounts this did not go well, with the Company leaving St. Croix after only seven years and the French essentially abandoning the island; all settlers had left the area by 1695.

Dutch West Indies Company

The Dutch purchased St. Croix from the French in 1733 and immediately established their own colony. This resulted in decades of prosperity and growth on the island. This growth was mainly due to the cultivation and processing of sugar cane. However, this prosperity began to crumble as the Dutch abolished slavery at home and abroad, massively altering the economic landscape and throwing St. Croix into a time of tumult and upheaval.

United States Purchase

The United States purchased St. Croix, along with St. Thomas and St. John, in 1917 for military reasons. While the islands have never returned to the economic prominence experienced during the height of sugar cane production, St. Croix continues to prosper today through tourism, agriculture and oil refinement.

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6006 Estate Peters Rest, Ste 9
Christiansted
St. Croix, 00820

340-714-4326

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Serving St. Thomas & St. Croix

With two locations and flexible hours, Paradise Chiropractic & Wellness Center provides the Virgin Islands with outstanding natural health care. Chiropractors Dr. Pat Buchar, Dr. Josh Caya and Dr. Marie Savage are ready to listen carefully to you, understandin...

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